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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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UNILATERAL ANATOMICAL VARIATION IN THE VENOUS DRAINAGE OF FACE AND NECK

Author: LAURA TÉLLEZ-, IVÁN ALONSO TIBADUIZA- RODRIGUEZ, HUMBERTO FERREIRA-ARQUEZ
Abstract: Background: Venous system of the head and neck are subject to variations of morphology, size and termination. Aims: To present an anatomical variation in the venous drainage of face and neck, which has not been previously mentioned in the literature. Materials and Methods: The variations was found during routine dissection performed in the laboratory of Morphology of the University of Pamplona. Findings: Union between the superficial temporal and maxillary veins at a lower level, undivided retromandibular united with the facial veins to form common facial vein, absence of posterior auricular vein, occipital and maxillary veins formed external jugular vein. Transverse cervical and suprascapular veins- superficial branch, the dorsal scapular and suprascapular vein- deep branch drained independently within the external jugular vein through common venous trunks. Conclusions: Knowledge of the venous drainage of the face and neck is necessary to prevent inadvertent injury during surgical, diagnostic and therapeutic interventions.
Keyword: Anatomical variations, retromandibular vein, external jugular vein, fenestrate external jugular vein, common venous trunk.
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