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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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BILATERAL FOUR AND SIX HEADS OF THE STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID MUSCLE. A CADAVERIC FINDING

Author: KARLA GOMEZ-, HUMBERTO FERREIRA-ARQUEZ
Abstract: Background: The sternocleidomastoid muscle present a wide patterns of variations which including supernumerary muscular heads. Aim: The aim of the present study is report bilateral four and six heads of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Materials and Methods: The anatomical variation was found during routine dissection performed in the laboratory of Morphology of the University of Pamplona. Findings: On the right side, two sternal head were a continuous sheet with a small gap of 1 mm; the third head originating from sternoclavicular joint until the clavicular head. The fourth, clavicular head that arose from the medial and middle third of the clavicle. On the left side of the neck, two sternal heads were lying side by side. Of the four clavicular heads, two were superficial and another two lying in a deep plane. Conclusions: Knowledge of these anatomical variations is important for any therapeutics and diagnostic intervention in the region neck.
Keyword: Anatomical variations, sternocleidomastoid muscle, four heads, six heads, lesser supraclavicular fossa.
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