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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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The effect of cognitive reappraisal strategy on cognitive functions in disgust induction situation among under medication obsessive-compulsive patients

Author: NASRIN SHIRI, MORAD RASOULI-AZAD, FATEMEH SADAT GHOREISHI, AMIR GHADERI
Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of cognitive reappraisal strategy on cognitive functions in disgust induction situations among obsessive-compulsive patients. This study was a pre-posttest research design with a control group in experimental environment. Participants consisted of 44 individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder who were selected from mental health clinics of Kashan, Iran. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two conditions. All participants provided background questionnaires including Yale-Brown Obsessive -Compulsive Scale (YBOCS), Padua Inventory (PI), Emotion Regulation Scale (ERQ), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and disgustpropensity and sensitivity scaleand the cognitive function tasks including IowaGambling Task (IGT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Stroop Task (ST).The induction only condition (IOC) as control group had not received training beside the disgust emotion induction. In post-test phase after watching disgust induction films, subjects were asked to answer the cognitive tests again immediately after they watched to a minute’s disgust films in three steps. Covariance analysis tests was used to analyze data and results showed that the cognitive reappraisal training (CRT)group outperformed in post-test step in IGT, reaction time in ST and the correct answers in WCST. Accordingly, we could suggest that cognitive reappraisal as an emotion regulation strategy could improve the decision-making, inhibition and set shifting in disgust induction situation.
Keyword: Obsessive-compulsive disorder, cognitive reappraisal, risky decision-making, set shifting
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.02.053
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