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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

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0975-2366
5 - Years Impact Factor

Year 2012 - 2016

Impact Factor: 1.55

Total Publications: 317

Total Citation: 491

Year 2011 - 2015

Impact Factor: 1.46

Total Publications: 326

Total Citation: 477

Year 2010 - 2014

Impact Factor: 1.3

Total Publications: 313

Total Citation: 407

Year 2009 - 2013

Impact Factor: 0.973

Total Publications: 293

Total Citation: 285

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THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL FITNESS GYMNASTICS (SKJ) 2012 TOWARDS BODY MASS INDEX, BODY FAT PERCENTAGE, AND PHYSICAL FITNESS IN OBESE CHILDREN

Author: TJITROWATI DJAAFAR, SOEHARYO HADISAPUTRO, BAGOES WIDJANARKO, TJOKORDA GDE DALAM PEMAYUN, HARDHONO SUSANTO, TANDIYO RAHAYU, SOEGIYANTO KS
Abstract: Obesity is a condition which is marked by the accumulation of excess fat tissue in humans that occurs due to overeating and lack of physical fitness routines. The impact of obesity on child development is extensive hence it is crucial to identify factors that may contribute to the incidence of obesity in children. Two factors that are considered as the main causes of obesity in children include genetic and environmental factors. This study aimed to analyse the effect of the 2012thphysical fitness gymnastic (SKJ)intervention on BMI (Body Mass Index), percent body fat and physical fitness level in obese elementary students. This was a randomized control trial with pretest-posttest control group design. The data collected from 98 obese 5th and 6thelementary students in Palu were divided into two groups. The intervention is The 2012thSKJ conducted 3 times a week with a duration of 30 minutes for 2 months. Data collected before and after intervention. Instruments were questionnaire. Data were analyzed by independent t-test and paired t-test. There were changes of the BMI in the intervention group -1.31 ± 1.69 and the control -0.24 ± 1.08 (p = 0,000).There were decrease of body fat percentage in the intervention group was -2.66 ± 3.62 and the control was 1.92 ± 3.14 (p = 0,000). Physical fitness scores in the intervention group was 1.84 ± 1.05 and the control was 1.69 ± 1.21 (p = 0.545), means there was no significant changes of physical fitness on obese elementary students. This study focuses attention on exercise to improve students well-being. Research findings of this study shown that physical fitness exercises can decrease on BMI and body fat percentage. School and parents have responsibility to create an exercises program to prevent obesity on elementary students.
Keyword: BMI, body fat, obese elementary student, physical fitness exercise
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.02.043
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Impact Factor for five years is 1.55 (2012 - 2016)

Year 2011 - 2015 Impact Factor - 1.46 Total Publications - 326 Total Citations - 477