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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

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0975-2366
5 - Years Impact Factor

Year 2012 - 2016

Impact Factor: 1.55

Total Publications: 317

Total Citation: 491

Year 2011 - 2015

Impact Factor: 1.46

Total Publications: 326

Total Citation: 477

Year 2010 - 2014

Impact Factor: 1.3

Total Publications: 313

Total Citation: 407

Year 2009 - 2013

Impact Factor: 0.973

Total Publications: 293

Total Citation: 285

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ASSESSMENT OF ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY & ITS COMPLICATIONS IN A TERITARY CARE HOSPITAL

Author: R. 2,, K. NIKHITA, S. MANASA REDDY, SAFURA TASNEEM, H. ANUPAMA, K. ABBULU
Abstract: Anemia is a group of diseases characterized by a decrease in either hemoglobin or packed cell volume, resulting in reduced oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. According to WHO, anemia in pregnancy is defined as Haemoglobin (Hb) less than 11gm/dl, and is divided into threedegrees - mild (10.9-9.0 gm %), moderate (8.9-7.0 gm %) and severe degree (<7.0 gm %).A Prospective observational study from August 2017 – January 2018 on anemia in pregnancy and its complications was conducted in In-patient department of gynecology and obstetrics in Gandhi Hospital.105 anemia cases were collected analyzed and results were obtained. Anemia was most prevalent in 20-29 years age groups (85%). Distribution based on severity of anemia in which 37% with mild anemia, 47% of patients with moderate anemia, and 15% with severe anemiawere diagnosed. About 95% of pregnant woman were found to have iron deficiency anemia. About 45% of new born babies were found to have low birth weight <2.5kg. Results pertaining to socioeconomic status, birth spacing and correlation between Hb and birth weight were also obtained. The study shows that the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia is high and various associated factors like lower socio-economic status, multigravida, low birth interval and non-adherence towards iron therapy significantly contributes to the development of anemia. Our study suggests that maternal anemia increases the risks of maternal and neonatal complications like pre term delivery, intrauterine death, intra uterine growth retardation and the low birth weight of babies which has direct correlation with Hb concentration.
Keyword: Anaemia, Hb, low birth weight, socio economic status, pre term delivery
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.02.006
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Impact Factor for five years is 1.55 (2012 - 2016)

Year 2011 - 2015 Impact Factor - 1.46 Total Publications - 326 Total Citations - 477