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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Mothers’ Knowledge about Anemia and the Compliance of Consuming Iron Tablets (Fe) and Anemia Occurrence among Pregnant Women

Author: M MUTALAZIMAH, GIYARTI SRI RAHAYU
Abstract: Background: One factor causing high prevalence of anemia occurrences among pregnant women includes low compliance of consuming iron tablets due to several factors such as knowledge, behavior, and side effects of the tablet. Objective: To analyze the correlation between the mothers’ knowledge about anemia and the compliance of consuming iron tablets in case of anemia among pregnant women in In Public Health Center Kemusu 2, Boyolali Regency, Central Java. Methods: This cross sectional research conducted subjects were 164 pregnant women by simple random sampling technique. The knowledge regarding anemia is calculated by answering questionnaire; the compliance of consuming iron tablets was measured by the number of iron tables consumed, and anemia occurrence was assessed by measuring the subjects’ hemoglobin level using Cyanmethemoglobin method. The statistical analysis is conducted by using rank Spearman correlation test. Result: The average of pregnant women’s knowledge is 72.16, the average of tablets Fe tablet consumed is 79, and the average of pregnant women’s hemoglobin level is 11.3 g%. The analysis find that there was no correlation between knowledge about anemia and anemia occurrence in pregnant women (p = 0.423), and there was the correlation between the compliance of consuming Fe tablet and anemia occurrences in pregnant women (p = 0.001). Conclusion: From the research finding, it could be concluded that the implication of policy result of community nutrition program is still needed as the effort to increase the level of knowledge and improve compliance to consume Fe tablet in pregnant women through nutrition education. Therefore, it could significantly reduce the risk of anemia occurrence in pregnant women.
Keyword: Knowledge, consuming iron tablets, pregnant women
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.01.126
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