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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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The Effect of Music Therapy on the Pain in Patients Admitted to the ICU

Author: ZEINAB ALIZADEH, MASOUMEH ALIZADEH, AKVAN PAYMARD
Abstract: Pain is a common stressor in these parts, which is associated with increased levels of endogenous catecholamine's and secretion hormones, leading to physiological changes and subsequently hemodynamic instability in patients. Types of classes that can be used to reduce the amount of pain include opiate drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, acetaminophen, opium and sedative derivatives, and non-drug items. Music therapy is a non-pharmacological and safe method. Chronicles are widely used to increase health, reduce stress and divert the minds of patients from unpleasant symptoms, and reduce the need for medication, and the pain of non-physiological pain management is effective. This study was a clinical trial study performed as a pretest post-test design. This research was conducted in 2017 in Yasuj city and ShahidBeheshti Hospital on 60 patients in intensive care units. Patients were randomly assigned to two groups of music therapy and control after entering the study. A demographic questionnaire and a CPOT questionnaire were used to collect data. Data analysis showed that the playback of light music in a relaxed environment is effective in reducing the pain of patients admitted to special sectors and the pain level was reduced to a small extent based on the scale used, and the need for inhaled analgesics such as morphine and Pethidine decreased. On the other hand, the amount of restlessness of the patient in the playing time of the music was reduced, which is consistent with the data obtained.
Keyword: Music Therapy, ICU, Pain
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.01.081
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