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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Studying the Effect of Effleurage Massage on Sleep Quality and Self-Efficacy of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Referred to the Fars MS Society

Author: ZINAT MOHEBBI, MEHDI ZAREI, KEYNOOSH HOMAYOUNI, AFSHIN ZARE
Abstract: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and comparatively prevalent nervous disorder. This research has been carried out with the aim to determine the effects of effleurage massage on sleep quality and self-efficacy of patients with MS referred to the Fars MS Society. In this clinical trial research, 68 patients with MS were selected among eligible persons to participate in the study. 60 patients with MS were placed randomly into two experimental and control groups. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Sherer and Maddux questionnaire were used to evaluate the sleep quality and general self-efficacy, respectively, which were completed before 5 and 10 weeks after massage therapy by the patients. The massage therapy was done by two sessions of 20-25 minutes two times a week. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with repeated measurements. ANOVA with repeated measurements showed that the mean sleep quality had a decreasing trend and the mean self-efficacy had an increasing trend as time passes and the changes of sleep quality and self-efficacy were significant statistically from the time before the intervention until the week 10th (P<0.001). Also, the results of comparing the groups showed that the mean sleep quality after the intervention was less and the mean self-efficacy was more among experimental group compared with control group (P<0.001). Results confirmed the effect of massage therapy on the sleep quality and the self-efficacy of patients with MS. The massage therapy could be applied by nurses as a complementary treatment for the improvement of symptoms of such patient.
Keyword: Multiple Sclerosis, general self-efficacy, sleep quality, massage therapy.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.01.073
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