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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Impact of a Pharmacist Intervention on Improving Medication Adherence and Knowledge towards Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomised Controlled Study

Author: KRISHNAVENI KANDASAMY, SHANMUGA SUNDARAM RAJAGOPAL
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of patient counselling on medication adherence and knowledge towards diabetic in a rural community. A randomized controlled study was conducted from March 2017 to February 2018 to assess medication adherence among diabetic patients by using the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS). The study population included both genders with diabetic patients in the age group of 35-75 years. Out of 100 diabetics, 42 male, and 58 female. Blood glucose was measured using by glucometer. Patient counselling was given to diabetic patients related to their medication, disease and lifestyle modification after obtaining their baseline data like knowledge, blood glucose and adherence score. After third, sixth and ninth months, the same data’s were collected. The mean fasting blood sugar levels at baseline and at final follow-up of the intervention group were 196.42±26.84 mg/dL and 141.74±20.07 mg/dL, respectively. It shows that there was a significant reduction in mean blood glucose levels in the intervention group from baseline to final follow-up when compared to control group (p<0.001). At baseline, medication adherence scores for both the groups were non-adherent to their treatment. After being educated at the subsequent follow-up, there was an improvement in their knowledge and medication adherence scores. The study concluded that pharmacist interventions had a positive impact on improving the disease condition, knowledge and medication adherence. This study also highlighted the importance of having an educator in primary health care.
Keyword: Diabetes, Knowledge, Medication adherence, Blood glucose.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.01.049
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