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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Medication Use and Safety among Nigerian Postgraduate-Students of UniSZA, Malaysia

Author: DR HAQUE, ABDULLAHI RABIU ABUBAKAR, NORDIN BIN SIMBAK, MAINUL HAQUE
Abstract: Common man knowledge on medication use and safety is essential in promoting rational use of medicine (RUM). Patients have right to know all adverse effects of the drugs prescribed to them, over-the counter (OTCs) drugs and some common drug-interactions. The aim of this research is to survey the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) on medication use and safety among Nigerian postgraduate-students in Malaysia. A cross sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted using adopted, modified and validated instrument. The questionnaire was distributed to 100 Nigerian postgraduate-students residing in Gonk-Badak campus. The response was analysed using SPSS version 20. The response rate obtained was 85%. Among 85 respondents, majority were males 95.3%. The age range was 20-40 years. The respondents, 71.8% stated that antibiotics should be prescription only medicine. Nearly 90.6% said traditional medicine and OTCs also possess adverse effects. Similarly, study population 72.9% strongly agreed that pharmacist is a reliable source of drug information. The participants, 71.8% strongly agreed that medication use and safety information are essential to the patient. In contrast, only 27.1% of the student will never ask community-pharmacist for any drug without consulting doctors. Also only 37.6% stated that they will never discontinue medicine even their symptoms relieved. Overall, study population had good knowledge and attitude but poor practice on medication use and safety. They did not identify the role of pharmacist as the major source of drug information. Our findings suggested that there is an urgent need for public awareness campaign on medication use and safety.
Keyword: Medication Use and Safety, Drug Information, KAP, Malaysia
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