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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

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Year 2012 - 2016

Impact Factor: 1.55

Total Publications: 317

Total Citation: 491

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Impact Factor: 1.46

Total Publications: 326

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THE ETHOLOGY OF BLOOD-SUCKING MIDGES (DIPTERA: CERATOPOGONIDAE) WHILE ATTACKING ANIMALS

Author: A.A. GAVRICHKIN*, O.A.FIODOROVA, E.I. SIVKOVA, A.N. SIBEN
Abstract: The purpose of the research was to study the ethological peculiarities of blood-sucking midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) while attacking animals. The midges behaviour while attacking animals and humans was researched using an entomological net with movable bags, sticky transparent tape (0.1?0.9 m), the Monchadsky’s net and observational method. The interval between the accounts was 1 hour. The intensity of the attack or the abundance index (AI) was recorded by the average and maximum indicators. Thus, in the period of massive flights of midgets during the hours of their diurnal activity their massive approach to the animals was recorded. During this period they were using an active searching flight or the first way of attacking their prey. The purposeful approach of midgets to the animals against the wind demonstrates that the leading stimulus to searching a prey is a scent stimulus or the animals’ smell spreading with the wind. Some previous researches demonstrated the possibility of using animal waste substances such as carbon dioxide, lactic acid, octanol etc. to attract midgets and the usage of these substances in traps for insects. We found out the high rate of zoophily and factorial orientation of midgets while searching for an object for blood-sucking. For example, they almost do not attack humans, but the number of their attacks on animals in herds is from 8 to 10 times bigger than on a solitary animal near herds.
Keyword: midges, searching for prey, seasonal dynamics, diurnal activity, abundance
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2018.10.04.027
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Impact Factor for five years is 1.55 (2012 - 2016)

Year 2011 - 2015 Impact Factor - 1.46 Total Publications - 326 Total Citations - 477