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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

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5 - Years Impact Factor

Year 2012 - 2016

Impact Factor: 1.55

Total Publications: 317

Total Citation: 491

Year 2011 - 2015

Impact Factor: 1.46

Total Publications: 326

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RURAL PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN BODY FAT AND THEIR PARENTS' PHYSICAL IMAGE PERCEPTIONS

Author: ROSNA RAMAN, KIM GEOK SOH, KIM LAM SOH, SALIMAH JAPAR, SWEE LEONG ONG, ZEINAB GHIAMI
Abstract: Parent’s perception of their children’s physical images such as body shape or type, weight and eating habit plays an important role in determine their attitude toward their children’s development. This study was conducted to determine perceptions of rural schools’ parents or guardians regarding their children’s body shape, weight and eating habit and to investigate whether there was a correlation with the children’s body fat mass measured with bio impedance analyzer. This descriptive study was conducted in selected rural areas located in the East of Peninsular Malaysia. A total number of 145 year one school children and their parents or guardians (total 145) participated in this study. A questionnaire was developed to measure the parents’ or guardians’ perceptions, while the children’s actual body fat mass was measured separately using Tanita body composition analyzer. Body fat mass results showed that majority of the rural primary school children had less body fat mass for both gender. Correlation analysis using Chi-square indicated that there were significant association presences between the body fat mass with body shape, body weight and eating habit. The reported Chi-square values were X2 (3)=27.15, p<.01 for body shape, X2 (3)=22.68, p<.01 for body weight and X2 (3)=19.67, p<.01 for eating habit, respectively. In conclusion, early awareness pertaining their children’s physical images changes will contribute to a more successful prevention and treatment of obesity among children, and this will have an impact in term of reducing the adult incidences of cardiovascular diseases in the near future.
Keyword: Perception, body weight, fat percentage, eating habit, rural school
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2018.10.04.002
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Impact Factor for five years is 1.55 (2012 - 2016)

Year 2011 - 2015 Impact Factor - 1.46 Total Publications - 326 Total Citations - 477