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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Phytochemical analysis of Zizyphus jujuba (Lam.) seeds

Author: MANJOOSHA SRIVASTAVA, KUSHBOO GUPTA, GEETENDRA KUMAR , SWADESH MALHOTRA
Abstract: Background: Z. jujuba (Lam.), an important edible fruit of India and world had a long history of traditional uses along with several medicinal, and nutritional properties, the fruit are the most utilized part, although seeds are discarded as waste & less explored. Thus, study includes phytochemical analysis of the seeds and development of chemical markers for quality control and exploring its utilization prospects in pharmaceutical & nutritional formulations. Results: Zizyphus seeds were characterized and authenticated through botanical, physico-chemical and phytochemical studies. Range of standards were established for quality assessment & assurance. Total ash, moisture content and swelling index varied from 3.29%, 5.75% and 1.5 mg/ ml respectively. 97.5% of hexane, alcohol and water extract were extractable showing presence of triterpenoids, sterols, anthraquinones, alkaloids, saponins and carbohydrates as major phytochemicals. Thin layer chromatography study revealed that a characteristics marker at Rf value 0.41was found to be common, whereas other differentiating markers were obtained at Rf values 0.84, 0.76, 0.22, 0.17 and 0.90, 0.88, 0.34 respectively and a marker for alkaloid was observed at Rf value 0.23. Conclusion: Study thus, prospects the utilization of seeds & identified markers in pharmaceutical and nutritional formulations for natural products.
Keyword: Markers, nutrition, phytochemicals, seeds, Z .jujuba.
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