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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
ISSN
0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Pharmacognostical and Preliminary Phytochemical Investigation of Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng

Author: UPLOADED BY-ADMIN, SAILOR GIRISH, GHANSHYAM PARMAR, ASHVIN V.D., N.R.SETH, A.K.SETH
Abstract: Leucas cephalotes rainy season weed and has been traditionally used as mild stimulant, diaphoretic and used in fever and liver disorder. The present study was carried out to investigate morphological, microscopical, physicochemical and phytochemical screening of whole plant. Morphological studies of leaves, stem, root, flower and seed showed the presence of various diagnostic characters. In the microscopical studies, leaves showed the presence of vascular bundle, sessile glandular trichomes, palisade and anomocytic stomata. Prismatic calcium oxalate, pericycle, bicollateral vascular bundle with non distinct cambium was found in stem. Secondary xylem was abundant in root. Ash value, extractive value, foreign organic matter and moisture content was determined for quality standard of drugs. The powdered drugs were defatted with petroleum ether and successively extract with different polarity solvent. Phytochemical investigation shows the presence of flavanoids, phenol, phytosterol and tannins. The result of the study could be useful for identification and preparation of monograph of the plant.
Keyword: Leucas cephalotes, Phytochemical screening, Pharmacognostic
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