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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

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The Effect of Educational-psychological Interventions on the Resilience of the Mothers of 1-to-3-year-old Children with Chronic Liver Disease Leading to Cirrhosis

Author: MITRA EDRAKI1*, MINOOLALEH HAGHSHENAS, SHAHRZAD YEKTATALAB, SEYED MOHSEN DEHGHANI, SEZANEH HAGHPANAH
Abstract: regarding the management of the patients, especially those with chronic diseases, since families and particularly mothers cope with a high mental stress to confront the stressors, it is needed to teach an appropriate strategy so as to support and adapt them so that they can improve their resilience and the ability to cope with stressful conditions and factors. Thus, the present study aimed to determine the effect of the educational-psychological interventions on the resilience of the mothers of the children with chronic liver disease leading to cirrhosis. The present study was conducted on 83 mothers who had children with chronic liver disease leading to cirrhosis (41 in the control and 42 in the intervention group) in health centers affiliated to Shiraz Medical University, Shiraz, Iran, 2016. The mother’s resiliencies were assessed using Conner Davidson questionnaires before, immediately and 1 month after the training. The training was performed through six 45-minute sessions in 2 weeks. The data were analyzed using the SPSS statistical software paired and independent t-test, chi-square, and repeated measure analysis of variance. The findings of this study indicated that there was no significant difference between the mothers’ resilience scores before training (P=0.524). Moreover, it was shown that there was no significant difference between resilience scores before training and one month after training in the control group (P=0.339) while there was a significant difference between the average scores of the mothers’ resilience in the intervention group one month after training (P=0.000). this study indicated that providing necessary trainings can increase the resilience level of the mothers of the children with chronic liver disease leading to cirrhosis and improve the ability to cope with and confront stressful conditions.
Keyword: educational intervention, resilience, liver cirrhosis, chronic disease.
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