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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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MEDICINAL PLANTS USED IN THE MANAGEMENT OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS BY THE SAMBURU COMMUNITY, KENYA

Author: KAMANJA THIGUKU, MBARIA, J. M. UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, GATHUMBI, P. K. UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, MMBAABU, M. UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, LANYASUNYA, A. SAMBURU INTEGRATED RESOURCE NETWORK, GAKUYA, D. N. UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, KABASA, J. MAKERERE UNIVERSITY, KIAMA, S. G. UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI
Abstract: ABSTRACT Aim of the study: The study aimed at documenting the use of traditional medicine in management of sexually transmitted infections by Samburu traditional healers. The study also documents the methods of diagnosis of Sexually Transmitted Infections/Diseases(STIs/STDs) by the traditional healers. Materials and Methods Data on use of plants for management of STIs was obtained using focused group discussions and administration of semi-structured questionnaire to 29 traditional healers from seven divisions in Samburu County. The information on identity of medicinal plants, medicinal preparations, their effectiveness, safety, availability and STIs diagnosis was obtained. Results and Discussion The symptoms of STIs as mentioned by the traditional healers were varied and diverse and Samburu community has accumulated reliable ethno-diagnostic skills for diagnosis of STIs on the basis of these symptoms. The commonly used plants species in management of STIs as cited were Clerodendrum myricoides, (93%) with the roots being the most preferred part, Carissa edulis (52%), Myrsine africana,(31%), Rhamnus staddo,(24%) Rhamnus prinoides 17%), Sansevieria enhribergii, (10%) and Psiadia arabica (10%). Clerodendrum myricoides was ranked first in STIs management and is used alone or in combination with the other plants. The purpose of using it in combination with other plants was to increase its efficacy and to decrease toxicity. The medicinal remedies for STIs were prepared mainly as decoctions and given orally, but in chronic cases of STIs, Clerodendrum myricoides is given per rectum. Although Clerodendrum myricoides was ranked as the best plant, toxicity was reported to be acute, severe and often fatal in case of its overdose. Conclusion The survey showed that Clerodendrum myricoides alone or in combination with other plants is considered an important medicinal remedy for STIs in the Samburu community. However, there is a danger for its eradication since the roots are commonly used. There is need to develop propagation measures in order to ensure sustainability.
Keyword: Ethnomedicine, Sexually Transmitted Infections management, Traditional herbal Practitioners, Samburu Community
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