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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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A Study On Prescribing Pattern Of Antibiotics In Children With Acute Otitis Media

Author: GANTA ALEX KUMAR, MEGHANA.M.R, VEDULA HRIDAY KAMAL
Abstract: Aim The study's goals were to: (1) determine the pattern of antibiotic use in children with acute otitis media; (2) assess the pattern of prescription and appropriateness of treatment; and (3) check the efficacy of antibiotic use in youngsters with acute otitis media. Methodology In a tertiary care hospital, 100 children who had been diagnosed with AOM underwent a prospective cross-sectional study. Patient demographic and clinical care information was gathered using a case report form (CRF). The pattern of prescription was found. SAS version 9.2 was used for the statistical analysis. Results 100 people participated, of whom 54 were men and 46 were women, making up the majority of the group. A total of 181 symptoms specific to particular children were detailed; 41% of these symptoms were related to the left ear, 31% to the right ear, and 28% to both the right and left ear together. It was discovered that 133 different antibiotics were prescribed to 100 participants in the study. The antibiotic Augmentin [Amoxicillin clavulanate], which is a member of the penicillin family, received the most prescriptions (48.12%), followed by Ciprofloxacin (15.03%), a member of the second-most-prescribed antibiotic class. ampicillin (1.50%), amikacin (1.50%), clarithromycin (0.75%), cefixime (8.27%), amoxicillin (6.76%), chloramphenicol (6.76%), cefpodoxime (6.01%), and ceftriaxone (5.26%). Conclusion The recommended antibiotics were deemed to be reasonable. Penicillin and cephalosporins were the two categories of antibiotics that were most often administered. Amoxicillin-clavulanate was the first-line medication.
Keyword: amoxicillin clavulanate, case report form, SAS and acute otitis media.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2023.15.02.003
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