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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Phamacoepidemiology Study of Diabetes and Diabetes Induced Hypertension and Coronary Artery Disease With Recent Therapeutics Approach in Gujarat

Author: UPLOADED BY-ADMIN, NILESH R. PATEL, N. J. PATEL, M. M. PATEL
Abstract: Evidence on the long-term incidence and risk factors of hypertension and coronary artery disease in diabetic patients is scarce and mainly derived from studies in developed countries. Epidemiological study on diabetes and diabetes induces complications is required for planning a well-co-ordinated approach to this public health problem in various region of Gujarat. The objectives of present study were to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for the development of hypertension and coronary artery disease in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus using routinely collected data from a clinical information system at tertiary care hospital from various region of Gujarat. During this retrospective study we have analysed the data of 5403 patients who were utilizing the medical care in a private tertiary care hospital. The data was collected from 260 doctors’ clinics on prevalence of diabetes and diabetes induces complications like hypertension and coronary artery disease. In our study prevalence of hypertension (71.6%) was found more common than coronary artery disease 46.43%, heart failure 25.8%, renal disorder 16.2%, neuropathy 39.53%, stroke 19.6%, retinopathy 22.98%, and nontraumatic lower limb amputations 54.83%. This shows the higher prevalence of hypertension and coronary artery disease among diabetic patients in different territory of Gujarat state. This indicates that the awareness of diabetes was quite less in the Gujarat and there could be many other asymptomatic diabetic patients who may not aware about whether he/she has diabetes.
Keyword: Epidemiology, Risk factor, Diabetes, Tertiary care, Prevalence, Retrospective study.
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