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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Paddy-Fields Cyanobacteria from the Poondi Village, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu

Author: UPLOADED BY-ADMIN, J. SURESH KUMAR , S. SRIDHAR
Abstract: The three cyanobacterial species were isolated from Paddy-fields in the Poondi village, Thanjavur Dt., Tamil Nadu, India and cultured in BG11 media. Based on their growth characteristic, three species namely Oscillatoria laete-virens (Gronan) Gomont. Nostoc calcicola and Phormodium tenue were selected for antifungal and antibacterial assay against the pathogenic bacteria such as Citrobacter divergens, Escherichia coli (MTCC 3221), Klebsiella pneumoniae (MTCC 3384), Staphylococcus aurues (MTCC 3160) and Serratia marcescens (MTCC 3124) and the pathogenic fungus such as Aspergillus flavus (MTCC 1973), Aspergillus fumigatus (MTCC 3002), Aspergillus niger (MTCC 1344), Candida albicans (MTCC 3017), Rhizobus sp. The experiments for the inhibition activity on pathogenic bacterial and fungal strains were carried out at different concentration levels (25, 50 and 100 mg) of crude extract of three species of Cyanobacteria. Among the three cyanobacterial species extracts, Phormodium tenue showed the maximum inhibition (62 mm) against Serratia marcescens compared to other species whereas, the maximum antifungal activity (44 mm) was recorded in Phormodium tenue against Aspergillus flavus.
Keyword: cyanobacteria, antifungal, antibacterial, ethanol extract, aqueous extract and chloroform extract
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