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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown among Healthy Individuals in India: A Self-Assessed CrossSectional Study

Author: SAMAKSHA P B, KRISHNA UNDELA, RAHUL KRISHNA PUVVADA, BALAJI SATYANARAYANA GUPTA, KISHOR M, SHILPA PALAKSHA
Abstract: Background: The pandemic coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly in India and worldwide. As a preventive measure, the Indian government put in place the nationwide lockdown which may be impacting the psychological distress among healthy individuals. Aims: To assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 lockdown among healthy individuals in India. Method: A self-assessed cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted between 1st April and 14th April 2020. Centre for Epidemiological Study for Depression questionnaire was administered for assessing the depressive symptoms among general public during the COVID-19 lockdown. Using the google forms the questionnaire was circulated among the public through social media. Descriptive analysis was performed to represent the study characteristics, Chi-square test for assessing the associations of depressive symptoms among the study variables, and the logistic regression analysis for identifying the factors influencing the depressive symptoms. Results: A total of 1176 participants with a mean (SD) age of 27.59 (8.72) years were responded to the questionnaire. The prevalence depressive symptoms were higher among males (54%) compared to females (36%). It was identified that the participants with educational background of pre-university education/diploma (58.22%) and middle school (71.42%), and occupation as semiskilled (60%) and unskilled workers (70%), social history of consumption alcohol (56.52%) and smoking (75%), and belong to joint family (53.10%) were the predictors for depressive symptoms. Subgroup analysis identified that these factors influence depressive symptoms especially among male population. Conclusion: It is an alarming situation that the depressive symptoms found in approximately 45% of healthy individuals during the COVID-19 lockdown. Educational interventions by the government and non-government organizations are very much required to combat the progression of depressive symptoms into disorder.
Keyword: COVID-19, India, healthy individuals, Depressive symptoms.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.02.215
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