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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Nutraceutical Analysis of Certain Landraces of Capsicum spp. (Solanaceae) from Assam

Author: ANIRUDDHA SARMA, PRAMOD MEDHI, TAPAN DUTTA
Abstract: Perusal of literature reveals that no such works on nutraceutical properties has been done on the landraces of Capsicum spp. from Assam. With this backdrop the present investigation was taken up for phyto-chemical analysis of 24 local landrace variants of Capsicum spp. Out of these 24 landraces, 17 are C. annum, 05 landraces are C. frutescens and 02 landraces are C. chinense. Macro and micro nutritional studies like carbohydrates, total soluble protein, fats, crude fibre, oleoresin, flavonoid and ascorbic acid, total mineral in the form of ashes, total phenolics and antioxidant activities were carried out. Experimental results exhibited the maximum value of the test findings as carbohydrate 6.2%, total soluble protein 3.63%, total fat 1.6%. Crude fibre 11.1%, oleoresin 5.8%, flavonoid 26.41 µg QE mg-1, total minerals in the form of ash 5.9%, total phenolic content 131.8 µg GAE mg-1, vitamin C (in the form of ascorbic acid) 179.2 mg/100g. The methanolic extract for determining the anti-oxidant activities (IC50) of all the samples of Capsicum were ranging from 134.0 to 62.2µg mg-1 that can reduce 50% reactive oxygen species (by DPPH method). Investigation reveals that apart from the macronutrients, the micronutrients like phenolic compounds, vitamin C, flavonoids and oleoresin are found to be rich in the fruits of Capsicum spp. which leads to the antioxidant property. So, the fruits can be suggested as dietary supplement for human health benefit. Also, there is a scope of therapeutic use of the fruits in traditional medicines.
Keyword: Agro-medicinal crop, Capsicum landraces, Nutraceutical, Dietary components, Medicinal properties.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.02.192
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