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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Assessment of the Quality of Life (QOL) and the influence of the clinical and demographic characteristics on the QOL of Iraqi Hemodialysis (HD) patients

Author: MUHANNAD R. M. SALIH, MAYS MOHAMMED MARIOUCH, EMAD MATHBOB MUTASHAR
Abstract: Introduction: This study was aimed to assess the Quality of Life (QOL) of Iraqi Hemodialysis (HD) patients and the influence of their clinical and demographic characteristics on their QOL. Methods: We used an Arabic version of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Instrument Short Form (KDQOL-SF) for QOL assessment. Mean individual domain scores and three composite scores, Physical Component Score (PCS), Kidney-Disease Component Score (KDCS), and Mental Component Score (MCS), were compared. Results: Sixty chronic HD patients from Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Baghdad and Imam Alsadiq Hospital, Babil, were recruited. The overall mean score was 49.9. Scores of >80 were obtained for two items, “social support” and “dialysis staff encouragement”. Mean MCS, PCS, and KDCS were 36.3, 39.1, and 59.7, respectively. The male, unmarried, high educational level, high income groups exhibited higher average MCS, KDCS, and PCS scores; however, differences with the average scores of respective opposite groups were statistically not significant. KDCS scores showed significant correlation with MCS (r = 0.653, P = 0.001) and PCS scores (r = 0.611, P = 0.001). Conclusion: Our findings showed that the socio-demographic factors played a key role in determining the QoL of hemodialysis patients. However, none of the factors were significantly associated with the KDQOL scores. Compared to other countries, Iraqi patients exhibited lower QoL scores, which indicated that better infrastructure and income status considerably affect the patients’ QoL.
Keyword: Hemodialysis (HD), Quality of Life (QOL), Iraq, Kidney Disease Quality of Life Instrument Short Form (KDQOL-SF)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.02.167
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