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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Effect of Ethanol, n-Hexane, and Ethyl Acetate Extracts of Marsilea crenata Presl. Leaves on ERß Expressions of Neurons in Estrogen-Deficient Female Mice

Author: MANGESTUTI AGIL, HENING LASWATI, NENY PURWITASARI, RADELLA AULIA ADITYARA, FRISCHA AYU WIDIASARI
Abstract: Marsilea crenata Presl. (Marsileaceae) is used in East Java Province, Indonesia, as folk medicine to prevent osteoporosis. Previous studies proved the antiosteoporosis activity of leaf extracts, and detected phytoestrogen constituents in the extracts. Many studies found the interaction of phytoestrogen with estrogen receptor (Er) ß of neurons in menopausal women. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ethanol, normal hexane, and ethyl acetate extracts of Marsilea crenata Presl. leaves through interaction with Erß of neurons in estrogen-deficient female mice. Dose of ethanol extract was 2.4 mg/20 g body weight (BW), normal hexane extract was 1.54 mg/20 g BW, and ethyl acetate extract was given in 3 doses, 0.23 mg/20 g BW, 0.46 mg/20 g BW, and 0.92 mg/20 g BW. IHC slides of brain tissue were examined the Erß expressions through the use of light microscopy. Result showed expressions of Erß of ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts. Increase trend of expression was observed in higher doses of ethyl acetate extracts. It is concluded that ethanol, normal hexane and ethyl acetate extracts showed expressions of Erß of neurons, due to interaction with chemical contents of the extracts. Marsilea crenata Presl. leaves might be considered as natural phytoestrogen source.
Keyword: Marsilea crenata, ethanol extract, ethyl acetate extract, Erß expressions, neurons
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.02.181
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