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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Insomnia, Depression and Anxiety among Healthcare workers during Covid-19 Pandemic - An EvidenceBased Review

Author: MUOKA CHIDIEBERE JEPHTHA, JAGADEESAN M
Abstract: Background:Covid-19 is a serious lower respiratory infection leading to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)caused by a novel coronavirus that began spreading from Wuhan, China in December 2019 distributed worldwide. Due to the outbreak of COVID-19, Healthcare workers have been experiencing severe mental health illness like Depression and Anxiety and Insomnia. This evidence-based study Conducted to determine the prevalence of Insomnia, Depression and Anxiety amongst healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods:Theevidence-based review is done based on the studies conducted from January to May 2020. From ScienceDirect and PubMed were collected thecross-sectional studies with the keywords of Boolean operators “Anxiety” AND “Depression” AND “Insomnia” AND “Healthcare Workers” AND “Covid-19” AND “Coronavirus” AND “Pandemic”. Result: A total number to 159 studies were collected after the keywords search. After the exclusion of 149 studies, ten studies were included. The total number of health care workers who were involved in this study is 15982 of which 5849 (36.6%) were Physicians, 7590 (47.49%) were nurses, and 2542 (15.91%)are other health care workers. 1631 (10.27%), 5567 (34.83%), and 4344 (27.18%) healthcare workers had symptoms of Insomnia, Depression, and Anxiety, respectively. Conclusion: Significant number of health care workers are affected by mental illness in all the affected countries irrespective of their age, gender and profession. Hence all the respective organizations and individual health care workers can prepare and follow the precautions recommended by various authorities to preventHCW from mental illness.
Keyword: Insomnia, Depression, Anxiety, Health care workers, Covid-19, Coronavirus, Pandemic
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.02.007
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