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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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A Review of Root Canal Irrigants-Their Indications, Uses and Interactions

Author: MOHAMMED ALI SALEM ABUELQOMSAN
Abstract: Root Canal Treatment though largely depends on mechanical instrumentation to remove diseased tissue would have ended up being a “sweep the dust under the carpet” kind of an endeavor without the role of chemical irrigation of canals. Removing smear layer and cleaning the inaccessible fins, isthmi, and accessory canals with the aid of root canal irrigants is considered the Holy Grail of root canal therapy. Chlorination is the most widely used method for disinfecting water supplies due to its highly satisfactory performance as a disinfectant and has been considered as a “standard of disinfection against which others are compared. Sodium hypochlorite fulfils most of the requirements of an ideal endodontic irrigant than any other known compound. It dissolves necrotic tissue, organic components of the smear layer, kills sessile endodontic pathogens organized in biofilms within dentinal tubules as efficiently as chlorhexidine or iodine at comparable concentration. chlorhexidine gluconate has high level of antibacterial activity and low mammalian toxicity, used as irrigating substance or intracanal medicament alone or in combination with Calcium Hydroxide
Keyword: Irrigants; Root canal; Endodontic; Sodium hypochlorite; Chlorhexidine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.02.112
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