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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Assessment of tooth mobility in systemically healthy patients with chronic periodontitis - an institutional based retrospective study

Author: RINIESHAH NAIR R. BASKRAN, BALAJI GANESH S
Abstract: Tooth mobility is the degree of looseness of the tooth. It is a measurement of horizontal and vertical tooth displacement in a socket. It can either be physiological or pathological. Tooth mobility occurs in initial stages and secondary stages. It can be evaluated by applying direct pressure on the tooth with finger and the back of an instrument. It can either be treated by splinting or extraction. The aim of this retrospective study is to assess the tooth mobility among systemically healthy patients with chronic periodontitis. Data collection was done in a university setting. 322 cases were reviewed from the time period of June 2019 to March 2020. Excel tabulation and SPSS version 22 was used for data analysis. More number of males (60.24%) had periodontal disease with tooth mobility, compared to females (39.75%). Maxillary molars (26.71%) are the most affected site followed by mandibular molars (20.50%) and maxillary anteriors (2.80%) which is the lowest. The association between age and gender with periodontal diseases was statistically significant (p?0.05). The association between age and gender with grades of tooth mobility were analysed, also the association between tooth mobility and tooth site was evaluated, both of which were statistically not significant (p> 0.05). Within the limits of this study, it can be concluded that in systemically healthy patients, generalised chronic periodontitis was most commonly seen in the age group of 61-80 years, with more prevalence of disease in male patients. Grade 3 mobility was most commonly seen among patients between 61-80 years of age and grade 3 mobility was most commonly seen among male patients. The most affected site with grade 3 mobility was the maxillary molar region.
Keyword: Age; Generalised chronic periodontitis; Localised chronic periodontitis; Tooth mobility; Mandibular region; Maxillary region
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.206
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