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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Assessment of prevalence and gender distribution of spacing - a retrospective study

Author: ASHIK AHAMED A, NIVETHIGAA B, RAKSHAGAN V
Abstract: Malocclusion has an effect on functions such as speech, eating but also has a negative effect on the quality of life of adolescents. Variety of reasons exist that can result in spacing in the dentition but patients' awareness regarding the same is questionable. Hence as a dentist,we must have a clear knowledge on etiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cases with malocclusion. No sufficient data was provided on the prevalence of spacing in dentition of adults. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and gender distribution of spaced dentition. In total, 41189 cases were obtained in the specified time period. From these, patients in the age group between 18 to 35 years were segregated and included in this study and the others were excluded. After age group segregation, a total of about 16200 patients were found in the above mentioned age group.The datas collected were then examined by one reviewer and entered in the Microsoft Excel sheet. The datas was imported and transferred to a host computer and processed using IBM SPSS version 20.0 for software analysis and the variables were defined in the software. Descriptive statistics and Chi square test was done to determine the association. Among the total population, 17.44% had spacing in general. Spacing was more common in both arches followed by maxilla alone in our study. Spacing in both arch was more prevalent in males than females and highly noted in patients in the age group of 24-29 years.
Keyword: Age; Gender; Malocclusion; Maxilla; Prevalence; Spacing
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.194
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