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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Magnesium supplementation for premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

Author: ELHAM ALSHAMMARI
Abstract: Premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder have been linked with low dietary intake of some vitamins and minerals, one of them being magnesium. In this regard, a suitable treatment plan should include supplementation of magnesium to achieve optimal status. However, it is necessary to verify if magnesium is effective and safe to manage PMS symptoms. The purpose of this review was to explore more recent studies examining magnesium supplementation for PMS and PMDD. Some studies identified magnesium supplementation as one of the options useful in the management of PMS in a nonpharmacological way. It is clear from the review that most women diagnosed with PMS show compromised levels of magnesium. These showed the significance of paying close attention to the nutritional status of females experiencing PMS to alleviate associated symptoms. In some cases, magnesium was used in combination with vitamin B6. The findings showed that magnesium combined with vitamin B6 had the biggest effect on PMS symptoms. Magnesium was more effective in controlling symptoms associated with water retention, craving, and anxiety. This mineral was also found to be valuable, low cost, and an effective treatment for PMS symptoms. In sum, evidence from most of the studies showed that magnesium could confer benefits to women who complain of premenstrual symptoms. The quality of some of the reviewed studies was questionable and it is necessary that well-designed randomized controlled trials are carried out to determine the effect of magnesium supplementation among women with PMS and PMDD. Hence, further investigations need to be carried out before encouraging the prescription of magnesium supplements for PMS and PMDD.
Keyword: Magnesium, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, premenstrual syndrome, supplementation, women.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.095
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