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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Awareness of Diabetes Mellitus Among Rural Population in Indonesia

Author: SUSI ARI KRISTINA, FARRAS AMSI SALSABILA, SUCI HANIFAH
Abstract: Background: Epidemiologic shifts of diabetes especially in low middle-income countries are influenced by socio-demographic determinants such as poor health knowledge.Our study aimed to describe awareness and knowledge among rural population in Indonesia and to identify socio-demographic characteristics of participants that may contribute to the knowledge of diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Data was collected from adults aged 17-60 years residing in Yogyakarta province, Indonesia, systematically selected from residential registry. A pre-validated questionnaire was developed, divided into three main sections, namely, demographic attributes, lifestyle and family history of diabetes, and general knowledge of diabetes includes symptoms, risk factors, and disease management strategy. A chi-square test was utilized to assess association between knowledge and characteristics. Results: Out of 780 respondents, mostly respondents (54.61%) had lower educational status, with low monthly household income (43.85%), and reported as non-diabetic status (79.74%). More a half respondents aware of diabetes symptoms. The vast majority of respondents had incorrect knowledge of diabetes management plan, where they only knew that diabetes can be controlled by medication (67.44%). Furthermore, high educational status had better knowledge of risk factor than lower educational status (p<0.001). Positive family history of diabetes was more likely to have good knowledge of risk factors than no history counterpart (p<0.001). In addition, doing physical activity routinely had better knowledge of both risk factors and diabetes management than those who did physical activity rarely (p<0.001). Conclusion: In conclusion, knowledge of diabetes management was lower than knowledge of risk factors. Educating rural population related to healthy lifestyle is a priority to enhance awareness and knowledge about diabetes. Diabetes status, other chronic disease, physical activity, and ever heard of diabetes may evaluative determinants toward knowledge of risk factors and diabetes management.
Keyword: Awareness; knowledge; diabetes mellitus; rural; Indonesia.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.027
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