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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Radiographic evaluation of interdental bone loss in smoking patients in holy Kerbala city

Author: SAMEER HATEM ABDUL HALEEM, SANAA JAMAL MAHMOOD
Abstract: This study intends to evaluate the accuracy of intraoral periapical radiography in the detection and determination of interdental bone loss in a sample of smoking patients in Holy Kerbala city in Iraq. This sample included 130 patients, 120 males, and 11 females. All these patients are smoking; most of them attended the clinic complaining from periodontitis, gingival inflammation, and gum bleeding. Some of them attended the clinic for other purposes, such as root canal treatment, simple filling, tooth extraction, scaling, and polishing. All patients are examined clinically, and aided by intraoral bisecting angle technique radiography by the use of CSN x-ray machine and MYRAY xpod sensor system. The sample was divided into subgroups according to age, sex, brushing, and non-brushing patients. The clinical reading was recorded. Statistical analysis was done used the triple contrast analysis test to study the differences according to the variables of age, sex, and brushing, in addition to the use of the program of independent sample t-test. The results found that there is a significant statistical difference between the age groups, except two groups from the age of 25-29 years and the age of 30-35 years at the level of significance (P-value = 0.05) for both horizontal and vertical bone resorptions. Also, there is a statistical significance difference to the horizontal and the vertical bone loss according to the gender was found in favor of male groups that mean the male groups are more affected than the female groups (P-value = 0.002) the brushing and the non-brushing groups show a significant statistical difference in the most of the groups except the (35-39) and (45-49) groups. That means The difference between the brushing and the non-brushing statistically not appear except for age groups (35-39) and (45-49). Periapical radiography is an essential aid in the evaluation and determination of interdental bone loss and periodontitis and excellent assistance to the clinical diagnosis and treatment plan of periodontal diseases.
Keyword: statistical,radiography,brushing
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.04.352
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