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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Morphometric analysis of foramen of Civinini - an anatomical guidance for maxillofacial surgeons

Author: SUSHMA.B , KARTHIK GANESH MOHANRAJ, THENMOZHI.M.S
Abstract: Foramen of Civinini is formed due to ossification of pterygospinous ligament. The ossification may be complete or incomplete. The complete ossification of the bar results in an individual foramen which is called foramen of Civinini. The foramen can be completed by an upward continuation of the interpterygoid fascia or aponeurosis, which is called cribriform fascia. This study was conducted in the Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital. A total number of 35 adult dry skulls of unknown age and sexual were observed. Out of all the 35 skulls, only 5 skulls are having foramen of Civinini. In one skull it is bilateral. The other two skulls are unilateral and incomplete. And the other two skulls are also unilateral but very much incomplete. Therefore the anatomical relations of foramen of Civinini would be useful for the maxillofacial surgeons during their surgery related to the structures that pass through the Foramen of Civinini. Sphenoid bone comprises some rare ossified ligaments, which may encounter difficulty during surgical procedures. The branches of the mandibular nerve pass through this foramen if it is completely ossified. The ossified Pterygospinous ligament is a major cause of entrapment of lingual nerve or a branch of mandibular nerve and causes mandibular or trigeminal neuralgia
Keyword: Foramen of Civinini, complete and incomplete foramen, bilateral and unilateral foramen, ossification, surgical importance.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.04.287
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