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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Relationship between Disease Duration and Preventive Motivation with Quality of Life of Patients with Coronary Heart Disease at Productive Age in Cardiology

Author: NINUK KURNIAWATI, YULIA PUTRI ARIYANTI, LAILATUN NIKMAH, ERNA DWI WAHYUNI
Abstract: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a chronic disease that will caused a long time indirect suffering . Patients suffering from CHD in the long duration of the disease often experience a decrease in motivation, especially in taking secondary prevention. The disease is impacting various aspects of the sufferer’s life, both physically and psychosocially. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between duration of illness and motivation with the Quality of life of patients with coronary heart disease in cardiology. This research used a descriptive-analytic research design with a cross-sectional approach. The population of coronary heart disease patients at productive age at the cardiology was 151 respondents using a nonprobability sampling, purposive sampling technique that met inclusion criteria. The independent variable was the duration of illness and motivation, while the dependent variable was Quality of life. Data were obtained from respondents’ demographic data, motivational questionnaires, and Short Form quality of life questionnaire 36 (SF-36). Data analysis using the Spearman Rho statistical test with a significance level <0.05. The results showed a relationship between duration of illness and Quality of life with a significance level of p = 0,000 and a coefficient value (r) = - 0.435 and a relationship of motivation with Quality of life with a significance value of p = 0, 000 and the correlation coefficient value (r) = 0.588. The duration of the disease is related to the Quality of life with the direction of the negative relationship where the longer the duration of the patient’s illness, the worse the Quality of life of the patient. Motivation is related to the Quality of life with the direction of a positive relationship where the higher the motivation, the better the Quality of life of patients with CHD at a productive age.
Keyword: coronary heart disease, duration of disease, motivation, productive age, Quality of life
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.04.251
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