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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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The Relations of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Precautions with Asthma Control Levels in Patients With Asthma

Author: TINTIN SUKARTINI, ACHMAD RASYID RIDHO, HERDINA MARIYANTI
Abstract: Asthma is a global health problem which affects all age groups of people, in the last ten years, there has been an increase of 1% of asthma patients in Indonesia to 4.5% of the total Indonesian population with most of the uncontrolled asthma level. Knowledge, attitudes, and actions are crucial factors in controlling asthma recurrence. This study aimed to know the relationship of knowledge, attitudes, and asthma precautions with the level of asthma control with an independent variable of knowledge about asthma and asthma precautions. The study used a correlational descriptive research design with a cross-sectional approach. The population of this study was asthma outpatients, with 63 respondents using purposive sampling. The dependent variable was the asthma control level. The data were collected using an asthma general knowledge questionnaire, asthma prevention attitudes questionnaire, asthma precautions questionnaire, and asthma control test questionnaire. The data were then analyzed using a Spearman Rho test with a significance level of <0,05. The correlation between knowledge and asthma control level was p=0,001, attitudes and asthma control level was p=0,000, precautions and asthma control level was p=0,000. Healthcare professionals need to educate asthma patients in enhancing the knowledge, attitudes, and precautions of asthma so that asthma patients know how to take proper action in controlling asthma recurrence.
Keyword: asthma control level, attitudes, knowledge, precautions
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.04.242
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