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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Rubbing Cacao Bean Extract In Improving Microhardness Enamel On Dental Bleaching

Author: MADE DANASWARI, R.MOHAMMAD YOGIARTONO, PRIYAWAN RACHMADI
Abstract: Background: Bleaching methods have been developed using peroxide compounds as bleaching material. The process of bleaching agent such as hydrogen peroxide works by forming unpaired electrons or what is called Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). Purpose: to determine the effect of cocoa bean extract containing theobromine in inhibiting the decrease in microhardness that occurs after the application of bleaching material. Methods: This type of research is experimental laboratories using the Experimental Pre and Posttest Only Group Design. The sample of this study was 27 bovine incisive tooth enamel taken from the abattoir. The data obtained were analyzed by repaired ANOVA test and continued with Turkey’s HSD test. Result: The value of the average difference in enamel surface hardness between the control and treatment concentrations of 15% was 10.99; between the control group and the extract of the cocoa beans (Theobroma cacao) concentration of 25% is equal to 31.94. Conclusion: this research is the extract of cocoa (Theobroma cacao) concentrations of 15%, 25% and 35% can increase enamel hardness after the bleaching process.
Keyword: Cacao bean, microhardness, bleaching
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.04.226
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