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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Pharmacognostic Specification and Phytochemical Screening of a Traditional formula used to Improve bone

Author: UPLOADED BY-ADMIN, WANIDA CAICHOMPOO, QIAO-YAN ZHANG, THANIDA THANGTHAISONG, METHIN PHADUNGKIT
Abstract: Previously, an ethnobotanical survey of plants used for the treatment of bone disease was performed in Amphur Muang Maha Sarakram Province resulting in one E-san traditional formula which has been commonly been used by the traditional physicians for treatment of blood circulation and improvement of bone. The formula consists of 12 medicinal plants including Aquilaria crassna Pierre ex Lecomte, Ellipanthus tomentosus Kurz. var. tomentosus, Eurycoma longifolia Jack, Goniothalamus elegans Ast, Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicolson), Piper interruptum Opiz, Polyalthia cerasoides (Roxb.) Benth. ex Bedd, Salacia chinensis L., Suregada multiflorum (A.Juss.) Baill., Ventilago denticulata Willd., Ziziphus attopoensis Pierre and Ziziphus oenoplia (L.) Mill. var. oenoplia. The present study is the first to establish the pharmacognostic specification, to evaluate a preliminary phytochemical screening and to present a TLC separation of the Esan formula. Microscopic characteristics of the formula are sclereids, part of fibers with crystal oxalates and bordered pitted vessel parenchyma which were abundant in wood fibers and starch. Flavonoids, other phenolic compounds including tannins, and terpenoids were detected. For future investigation we suggest to specify these compounds and to investigate their contribution to the traditional use of the formula.
Keyword: E-san traditional formula, Pharmacognostics, Phytochemical screening, Improvement of bone.
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