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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Evaluation and Reporting of Medication Errors (MEs) In A South Indian Teaching Hospital

Author: POOJA SAGAR, THARA MARIYAM SUNNY, PRAMOD SAM, ALLURI SIVA CHAITHANYA VARMA, JUNY SEBASTIAN, JUSTIN KURIAN, ADEPU RAMESH
Abstract: Objective: The objective of the study was to identify and assess the medication errors (MEs) occurring in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Method: This was a prospective observational study conducted over a period of six months. Medical records of the enrolled patients were reviewed regularly until the day of discharge to detect any MEs. The identified MEs and the outcomes were classified as per standard guidelines and the root cause analysis was done to identify the predisposing factors. Results: A total of 1461 treatment charts were reviewed during the study period and the incidence rate of ME was found to be 22.5%. MEs were more occurred among male gender and in the age group of above 60 years (26.9%). Errors were found to be more in patients with five co-morbidities, with length of stay more than five days and receiving more than five medications. Majority of errors occurred (26.7%) in medicine unit and prescribing error was the commonly seen ME (43.5%). Most of the MEs occurred from the ward (81%), the predisposing factor lead to MEs were thoughtless (28.8%) and the ME category was ā€˜Cā€™ among 76.8% cases. Conclusion: MEs in the healthcare setting is a common phenomenon. Results of study indicated that medication errors occur in all stages of patient care and pharmacotherapy and the health care professionals need to be more vigilant to prevent MEs in their practice.
Keyword: Drug related problems, Medication Errors, MEs, Predictors
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.04.044
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