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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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A Study on the Impact of Climate Change on the Multigenerational Migration Journey of Monarch Butterflies

Author: K. YAMUNA, S.N. JYOTHI, GEVARGIS MURAMTHOOKIL THOMAS, SHILPA HARI PRAKASH, GOURI S NAIR
Abstract: Monarch Butterflies (Danaus plexippus) are known for their multigenerational migration, one of the longest for any insect. These butterflies are a keystone species, as they help in pollination and are also part of Batesian mimicry. They depend on various environmental cues for reproduction, migration, and hibernation. The Monarchs are threatened by milkweed loss, pesticides, logging, and climate change, all of which are contributing towards a steady decline in their abundance. The changes in climate patterns also affect their migratory path leading to a decline in their population. After several reports of decline in numbers of the Monarchs, conservation efforts have been taken, however a significant improvement has still not been observed. This study explores various immediate and concerted efforts to protect and restore the habitats along the migratory routes of the Monarchs and discusses the multigenerational migration journey. The study also focuses on the impact of climate change and the importance of conserving the population of these butterflies.
Keyword: Monarch Butterflies, Climate, Migration, Global Temperature.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.04.171
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