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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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The Islamic Psycho-spiritual Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (IPSP): A Study of Feasibility and Effects

Abstract: There had been a surge of interest in research on the use of religion and spirituality in medicine in the past 20 years. In psychiatry, recent trials have demonstrated that faith-based interventions are effective, mainly for the treatment of anxiety and depression. Fewer studies were being conducted on faith-based treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), but evidences are stacking up. The objective of this pilot study is to determine the effectiveness of the Islamic Psycho-spiritual Therapy for PTSD (IPSP) for Malaysian patients. this non-controlled pilot clinical trial, subjects attending the emergency department of a university hospital in Kuala Lumpur due to injuries related to motor vehicle accidents were purposively recruited. It was estimated that 3-5 subjects would be enough. Subjects completed the Malay version of the PTSD Checklist for Civilians (MPCL-C) before and after treatment. The IPSP was conducted according to its protocol, developed in a previous study. The study obtained ethical approval from the university hospital’s own Institutional Review Board (IRB). 3 subjects consented to take part in the study. They were 2 males and 1 female, with mean age of 44.3 and coming from a variety of socio-economic group. All subjects completed the therapy sessions, which ranged from 3-5 sessions. At the end of therapy, all three subjects attained total scores below cut-off point for PTSD. The mean MPCL-C improvement for the whole group was 10.3, which was significant at the p<.05 level. The IPSP is a novel intervention, developed through research. In this small-scale pilot study, the intervention has been shown to be effective in reducing PTSD symptoms. Nevertheless, a randomized controlled trial with a much larger sample is needed to truly ascertain its effectiveness.
Keyword: Psychiatry, PTSD, Spirituality, Psychosocial Intervention, Religiosity.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.04.148
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