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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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About the activities of workers of cotton cleaning plants in the emirate of bukhara at the end of xix and beginning of xx centuries

Author: F.S. AMONOVA
Abstract: The entry of the Russian capital into the territory of the emirate of Bukhara at the end of the XIX and beginning of the XX centuries was the impetus for the establishment of factory enterprises. In the emirate of Bukhara, a significant role was played by the companies, firms and stock companies in the formation of cotton and silk weaving, based industrial types and enterprises. The machine, which separated the cotton wool from the cotton seed, called "gin", penetrated the emirate territory. In the second half of the nineteenth century in the emirate of Bukhara, the needs of cotton and silk weaving, the establishment of industrial types and enterprises based on it through companies and firms, as well as the need to have a commercial and industrial market, led to the formation of a layer of skilled workers and labourers in their place. In the emirate of Bukhara, after the hard work of the working population, a period of growth in the emirate economy began in the interests of the Russian empire. As a result, the development of market relations has accelerated the process of social stratification. In the article, which is based on historical sources and archival documents and also provided the impact of cotton processing plants on the emirate economy, the daily work activity of the working class, the way of living, the state of the social protection system of workers, the capacity of the factory enterprises, the leadership role of the emirate of Bukhara in the cotton industry.
Keyword: Factory, cotton, gin, respirator, cotton cleaning plant, firm, company.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.234
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