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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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The relation of students as a social group to the problems of posthumous organ donation of the person (on the example of students of the usa, germany and russia).

Author: ANDREY RESHETNIKOV, SERGEY VLADIMIROVICH ROMANOV, FLORIAN STEGER, OLGA PETROVNA ABAEVA, NADEJDA VLADIMIROVNA PRISYAZHNAYA, NATALIYA SERGEEVNA GOLIKOVA, NATALIA ALEKSEEVNA PRODANOVA
Abstract: Since the attitude and willingness of the population to support organ donation is an important factor determining the success of the implementation of national organ transplantation programs, the authors conducted a study aimed at examining the opinions of three similar social groups of the United States, Russia and Germany. Results of questionnaire of the students studying according to the programs of a bachelor degree which are not connected with medicine in the Russian, American and German educational institutions served as materials of a research. According to the results, German and American students (no gender differences have been identified) are better informed than Russian students about the opportunities of modern transplantology; therefore, they are more willing to support transplant surgery if necessary. The importance of readiness for support is evidenced by our results p <0.001. Among respondents of the USA and Germany the greatest group was made by the representatives considering that an indispensable condition for posthumous donorship is an anon lifetime registration of consent of the donor (59.0±5.7% of the American and 54.7±4.4% of the German students); in the group of Russian students, 69.0 ± 3.6% are of the opinion that donor consent is mandatory. The number of survey participants from the United States and Germany willing to agree to a posthumous organ donation was significantly higher than from Russia. Regardless of the country of residence, the leading reason for supporting posthumous donation programs for respondents is information about people who need organ transplants, whose lives may depend on the decision made by the donor; factors of financial motivation and opinion of the representative of religious faith also matter.
Keyword: posthumous organ donation, consent to posthumous removal of organs
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.263
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