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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Association of dietary inflammatory index with visceral adiposity index among obese female adolescents

Author: SUKMA UTAMI, FILLAH FITHRA DIENY, ARYU CANDRA KUSUMASTUTI, A FAHMY ARIF TSANI
Abstract: Purpose: This study aims to analyze association the dietary inflammatory index (DII) with the visceral adiposity index (VAI) in obese female adolescents. Methodology: This study is a cross-sectional design with 87 central obesity students aged 18-21 at Universitas Diponegoro. Retrieval of the data used simple random sampling. The data that taken were weight, height, waist circumference, HDL levels, and triglyceride levels. Food intake data were obtained with the Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). The dietary inflammatory index is calculated based on 27 nutritional components, along with an overall inflammatory effect score. Negative scores indicate anti-inflammatory diets and positive scores indicate pro-inflammatory diets.Visceral adiposity index is calculated using a special formula for women with BMI components, waist circumference, HDL levels, and triglyceride levels. The data were analyzed with the Rank-Spearman test. Results: A total of 41.4% (n = 36) subjects had a negative DII score, and 58.6% (n = 51) subjects had a positive DII score. There was a positive association between DII and VAI (p = 0.016; r = 0.259) and a negative association between DII and HDL levels (p = 0.043; r = -0.217). But there were no association between DII and BMI, waist circumference, and triglyceride levels (p> 0.05).
Keyword: DII, SQ-FFQ
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