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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Pharmacognostic study data of Indian medicinal plants

Author: SARAVANA KUMAR. A. S, S.V. SATYANARAYANA
Abstract: Objective: The primary objective of the study is to describe the pharmacognostic nature of three different medicinal plants which can be considered as gastroprotective agents due to the presence of active constituents in their extracts. Methods: This was carried by collecting the medicinal plants Leaves of Gyrocarpus asiaticus Willd., Whole Plant of Chloris paraguaiensis Steud., and Leaves of Breynia vitis-idaea, subjected to successive solvent extraction procedure. Presence of Phytochemical constituents, and other pharmacognostic studies likes percentage of moisture content, Ash values, saponin content estimation and Fluorescence analysis, HPTLC analysis were performed. Results: Methanolic extract of selected medicinal plants was considered to carry out the study because all the three plants gave high yield in solvent methanol at 10.25%, 8.55% and & 7.65 % for Leaves of Gyrocarpus asiaticus Willd., Whole Plant of Chloris paraguaiensis Steud., and Leaves of Breynia vitis-idaea respectively and also because of presence of active phytochemical constituents like saponins and flavonoids, and subjected to HPTLC fingerprinting was performed using mobile phase (Toluene: Ethyl acetate: Methanol (7:2:1)) which showed the presence of flavonoids and saponins the highest peak under 366nm is seen at 0.28 followed by 0.31 and 0.03. The crude part of selected medicinal plants was subjected to calculate the percentage of ash values and Quantification of Total Saponins was 8.45%, 7.45% and 7.15% by gravimetric method. Conclusion: As the obtained results indicates the capability of selected medicinal plants for antioxidant activity due to the presence of good saponin and flavonoid content and as they are obtained naturally the chance and range of side effects are considered to be less. Yet pharmacological activity has to be performed for further details.
Keyword: Gyrocarpus asiaticus Willd., Chloris paraguaiensis Steud., Breynia vitis-idea. Leaves, Quantification of Total Saponins, HPTLC fingerprinting, Phytochemical constituents, Fluroscence analysis.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.201
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