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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Beliefs and acceptance of Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among parents in urban community in Yogyakarta

Author: SUSI KRISTINA, AMADEA SYLVA LIENANINGRUM, GALIH PUTRI WULANDARI
Abstract: Background: Cervical cancer ranks as the second most frequent cancer in Indonesia although there are already an Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to prevent it. Knowledge and aspect related parents’ attitude towards HPV vaccination is pivotal to explore the possible barrier of their negative attitude towards HPV vaccination. The study aimed to examine the awareness, knowledge, belief, and acceptance among parents in urban community in Yogyakarta towards HPV vaccination. Methods: We carried out a population-based survey among a representative sample of 865 parents aged 20-55 years from the urban area of Yogyakarta province, Indonesia. An interviewed questionnaire measuring socio-demographic determinants, awareness and knowledge on HPV vaccine and beliefs and acceptability of HPV vaccine was used. A desriptive statistics was employed of data presentation. Results: Parental HPV vaccine belief and acceptance were high, but awareness and knowledge regarding cervical cancer and HPV vaccine were still not satisfied. The main factor causing low awareness was never having heard of HPV vaccine. Low parental knowledge in terms of the vaccine works in people who have not yet been infected by HPV. Barriers of most parents who were not accepting HPV vaccine were because of fear for side effects of the vaccine. Parents’ decision on vaccination are most influenced by school teachers. Conclusion: There were some gaps on knowledge and awareness on HPV vaccine in urban parents. This study might give insight regarding key aspects in terms of increase the HPV vaccination coverage for successful prevention and control of cervical cancer in Indonesia.
Keyword: cervical cancer; human papillomavirus; vaccine; acceptance
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.100
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