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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Correlation between body mass index (BMI) & waist to hip ratio (WHR) among primary school students

Author: SAEID DOUSTJALALI, NEGAR SHAFIEI SABET, AYISHA AA, IRVIN THW, NURADILAH ZZ, ZUBAIDAH AHA, NYAN HTAIN LINN, KHIN THANT ZIN, S. SARAVANA KUMAR, HLAING THAW DAR, KHIN THANE OO, ROHAINI MOHAMAD, AB HALIM MANSAR, REBECCA SY WONG, SU WWL, NORAASYIKIN RAMLI, SHUSHAN LOW, MUFTAH ABDUSALAM ELBAHLOUL, AHMAD YUSUF, MOHD NASIR MOHD DESA, SALMAH ISMAIL, NAZMUL MHM, KARIM AL-JASHAMY, AHMAD TAHA KHALAF
Abstract: Obesity is known as the accumulation of excess fat in the body that can cause health problems. It is one of the world’s major epidemic, affecting many people. The body mass index (BMI) and waist to hip ratio (WHR) are the most common methods used to access overweight and obesity in clinical, public health, and community-based settings. The aim of this research was to detect whether there is a correlation between BMI and WHR among primary school students in Kebangsaan School, Kota Damansara, Section 6, according to age, gender and race. In our study, we included 80 primary school students by random sampling from Kebangsaan School, Kota Damansara, Section 6, of different races (15 Malays, 15 Chinese and 10 Indians of each gender). Ethical approval was obtained from the ethical review board of SEGi University, Kota Damansara. The weight of the participants was measured using a weighing machine and the height measured using a stadiometer. The BMI was calculated using the formula, BMI=weight/height2 (kg/m2). Waist circumference (cm) and hip circumference (cm) were measured using a measuring tape. The WHR was then calculated by dividing waist circumference by hip circumference. Lastly, the statistical analysis of the data was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software (version 22.0). Our results showed that the mean BMI value was the highest among the Indians, followed by the Chinese and Malays participants for both genders respectively. Our data also showed that the mean WHR was same among the Malays and Indians participants and it was the lowest among the Chinese participants for both genders. In our research, a statistically significant correlation was also obtained between BMI and WHR for overall participants (N= 80, p-value = 0.01 and r value= 0.498), male participants (N= 40, p-value = 0.01 and r value= 0.684) and female participants (N= 40, p-value < 0.04 and r value= 0.313). In conclusion, there was a statistically significant correlation between BMI and WHR for overall participants, male participants and female participants. Hence we believe that both BMI and WHR can be used for measuring the status of obesity among primary school students in Malaysia and give them some guidance to take action and change their current lifestyle trend for enhancing quality of life in general.
Keyword: BMI, WHR
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.091
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