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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Prevalance of low bone mineral density among community dwelling adults and its correlation with age, blood sugar and BMI

Author: GANESH BALASUBRAMANIAN, SIREESHA PARUCHURI, NG YEN PING, SAM AASEER THAMBY, GOH TYNG ROEI
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Low Bone Mineral Density (BMD) is an important public health problem globally with nearly 200 million population suffering from this condition. Aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of low BMD (osteopenia and osteoporosis) in both middle-aged and older-aged population and to explore the relationship of BMD with age, Body Mass Index (BMI) and blood sugar. Methodology: This was a prospective observational study conducted at Bukit Mertajam, Malaysia. Data collected were participant’s height, weight, BMI, blood sugar and BMD. Data analysis was performed using Skewness-Kurtosis, Chi-Square and nonparametric correlation. Results and Discussion: A total of 98 participated in the study including 35 (35.7%) male and 63 (64.3%) female. Among the total participants, 48 were having low BMD and 50 were having normal BMD based on their T-Score in which 47 were osteopenic and one osteoporotic. There was a significant negative correlation with BMI, significant positive correlation with blood sugar and a significant negative correlation with age. Conclusion: The study showed the prevalence of osteopenia was more than osteoporosis in the older age when compared to middle age. But the prevalence in the middle age is also not very less when compared to an older age. This study also found that there was an association of age and blood sugar with BMD. Local BMD screening programs are highly encouraged for early detection of osteopenia in the young age to minimize the risk of osteoporosis.
Keyword: Bone Mineral Density, T- score, osteopenia, osteoporosis, Malaysia.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.013
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