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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Stress level comparison between pharmacy students and non-pharmacy students in Indonesia

Author: NUR MARDEA, ANNA WAHYUNI WIDAYANTI
Abstract: Background: Education for a career in health professions is associated with significant stressors such as heavy workload, rote memorization of large amounts of information, frequent evaluation, financial problems, and limited time for recreation. Therefore, students from the health professions are reported to have higher level of stress where pharmacy students suffered more stress than other students did. This study aims to compare stress level between pharmacy students and non-pharmacy students in Yogyakarta. Methods: A cross-sectional study comparing stress level between pharmacy and non-pharmacy students in five universities in Yogyakarta province was conducted. Quota sampling technique was chosen to select the representative students of each faculty and level of academic year. A validated online questionnaire inquiring about sociodemographic data, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) 10, and stressors types was employed. Data were summarized descriptively and Chi Square test was used to analyze association and comparison between type of faculty and stress level. Results: The analysis showed that most of pharmacy students (50.31%) experienced severe level of stress, whereas only 37.19% non-pharmacy students experienced stress in this level. About 39.24% final year students felt moderate level of stress and 42.24% mid-year students felt mild level of stress. Both types of faculty and level of study significantly affected level of stress with p-value <0.001. Academic and financial significantly caused stress in a vast majority of pharmacy students (77.36% and 61.18%), whereas social problems significantly caused stress among non-pharmacy students (67.54%). Conclusion: The study concluded that most pharmacy students in Yogyakarta suffered higher level of stress than non-pharmacy students. Several initiatives should be taken for addressing mental health and stress management among students. Compiling and evaluating the competencies provided in the pharmacy education will also help graduates of pharmacy achieve better quality of life.
Keyword: perceived stress; pharmacy students; stressor; Indonesia
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.039
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0.12
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