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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
ISSN
0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Perception and Acceptance of Measles-Rubella Vaccine among Mothers in Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia

Author: AMADEA LIENANINGRUM,
Abstract: Background: Measles-Rubella (MR) vaccination is one of the best ways to realize Indonesia's commitment in eliminating measles and rubella control in 2020. Perception of MR vaccine is an important factor that is considered by mothers in providing MR vaccine for children. The study aimed to address mothers’ perception and acceptance toward MR vaccine, to investigate the associated factors that influence maternal perception and acceptance toward MR vaccine, and to investigate association between perception and acceptance of MR vaccine. Methods: A cross sectional study with a validated and reliable questionnaire was conducted. A convenience sample of 180 mothers aged 18-40 years in Yogyakarta province, Indonesia was participate in this study. Data collection were conducted during October to November 2019. The questionnaire consisted of four sections that collected information on respondents’ sociodemographic, characteristics related to MR vaccine, perception, and acceptance of MR vaccine. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze description of mothers’ characteristics, perception and acceptance; while crosstab analysis using Chi-Square was used to analyze the association between mothers’ characteristics versus perception and acceptance, and to analyze the association between perception versus acceptance of MR vaccine. Results: This study found that 50% of respondents have a positive perception of MR vaccine, while as many as 59% of respondents have high acceptance of MR vaccine. Maternal education level and children’s experience of measles had significant correlation with perception of MR vaccine (p<0.001). Variable which has significant correlation with acceptance of MR vaccine was only mothers’ education level. There was a significant correlation between perception with acceptance of MR vaccine (p<0.001). Conclusion: Perception and acceptance of MR vaccine were considerably low. This study can be the basis for targeting interventions to reduce misperception and increase maternal acceptance regarding MR vaccine.
Keyword: MR vaccine; perception; acceptance; mothers
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.034
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