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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
ISSN
0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Resistance pattern of bacterial isolates from burn wounds in an Iraqi hospital

Author: RUA ALHAMDY, MANI ANEES ABBODY, ALA'A HIKMET MAHMOOD, ASEEL GHASSAN JASIM, DINA SABAH MAHDI
Abstract: Burns subject the patients to the high risk of infections because of the uncovered body surface, immunosuppression after burning, aggressive diagnostic procedures and invasive therapeutic techniques and elongated stay at hospital. The emergence of antimicrobial resistance among many burn wound pathogens makes the therapeutic options for burn wound infections limited. This study is a retrospective one that aimed to determine the bacterial pathogens frequently causing burn infections and their antibacterial resistance pattern in an Iraqi hospital of burns in Baghdad province. Bacterial samples were collected from thirty two hospitalized patients, and forty six wound swabs were taken from those patients. The antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed using disk diffusion technique. It has been found that the most predominant bacterial isolate was Klebsiella spp. (40%), followed by Pseudomonas spp. (35.56%), Escherichia coli (E.coli) (8.89%), Staphylococcus spp. (6.67%), Proteus spp. (6.67%), and Acinetobacter spp. (2.22%). Polymicrobial infection was observed in (45.16%) of patients. The most effective antibiotic on Gram-negative isolates was amikacin while the most effective antibiotic on staphylococcus aureus isolates was vancomycin. Non-significant difference was found among the tested antibiotics concerning resistance (P value >0.005). In conclusion a careful selection of antibiotics to treat burn wound infection is required for proper management of these wounds in order to help reduce morbidity and mortality associated with multi-resistant bacteria.
Keyword: Burn wound infection, antibacterial resistance, antimicrobial susceptibility.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.02.0159
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