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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Stress Levels and Quality of Life among Pharmacy Students in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Author: NUR MARDEA
Abstract: Background: Students from the health profession have been reported to show high levels of stress due to the nature of their educational process. Pharmacy students show a relatively higher prevalence of stress than students from other health professions. This study aims to determine the description of stress levels, quality of life, and the relationship between them among pharmacy students in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Methods: The present study was questionnaire-based cross-sectional study, carried out in 5 Universities located in the Special Region of Yogyakarta in October 2019. About 367 pharmacy students took part in the study. The 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and the shorter version of the WHO quality of life scale (WHOQOL-BREF) were administered, with previously validated and piloted to non-sample students. Descriptive analysis and Chi-Square test were applied to see the relationship between stress levels and quality of life with a confidence level of 95% (p <0.05). Results : Respondents who had high stress levels were 47.14% and respondents who had poor quality of life were 47.41%. Variables that significantly affected stress levels were sex (p=0.015), age (p=0.046), and anxiety or depression (p=0.001). Whereas the variables that significantly affected the quality of life are experiences of non-academic activities (p=0.013) and experiences of anxiety or depression (p=0.001). There was a relationship between stress level and quality of life among pharmacy students in the Special Region of Yogyakarta (p=0.000). Conclusion: The study reported significant negative correlations between stress levels and quality of life among pharmacy students in Yogyakarta. These results can be recommendations for educational institutions as a basis for making policies that pay attention to mental health and stress management experienced by students by compiling and evaluating the competencies provided in the pharmacy education so that graduates of pharmacy with a better quality of life will be obtained.
Keyword: Stress; Quality of Life; Perceived Stress Scale; WHOQOL-BREF
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.02.0096
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