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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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A Study on Some of Apis Mellifera Pests in Al Diwaniyah City-Iraq

Abstract: Apis mellifera is considered as one of the Hymenoptera species that has an economical and nutritional value because it produces honey and wax, also it is used to entomophily in many plants. This Insecta “Apis Mellifera” has been suffering from lots of pests that effect on Apis Mellifera positively. The most important pests that have collected randomly in this study in three apiaries which has conducted in Sumar, al-Snniah and al-Forat in Al Diwaniyah city- Iraq. The identification book were as the following: Varroa destructor, Apis Mellifera, Galleria mellonella, Achroea grisella, Camponotus xerxes, Monomorium spp. and Merops orientalis during the period from 15/11/2018 to 26/7/2019. And then, comparing these pests with each other in each stage, the results show that Varroa destructor “Varroa mite” has spread in lots of apiaries in Al Diwaniyah city, especially in Sumar. So, this Varroa mite absorbs the blood of adult and non-adult bees and weakens them, it is notes the deformation of the wings of the bees, which may return to transport Varroa mite during the wound caused by Deformed wing virus (DWV), V. orientalis comes after this, which was found in all apiaries, but al-Suniah apiary was the most, and then al-Furat apiary. V. orientalis work to prey on worker bee and queen bee during mating, and wax worm numbers have increased in al-Furat apiary and it has been noticed that they have destroyed wax frames. While, the infection decreased in Sumer and Sunnih apiaries, two types of ants have spread that attack the bees and eat honey. It was also observed that a number of Merops apiaster (Bee eater) that has been eating worker bee, especially in al-Suniah apiary because of that there are lots of orchards and rivers.
Keyword: Apis Mellifera, Apis Mellifera Pests, Enemies of Bees, Merops apiaster, Vespa orientalis, waxworm.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.02.0075
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